This essay is about thte link between type two diabetes and obesity. And how they are linked

Essay by twin01High School, 11th grade December 2003

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What is diabetes? What are the symptoms? How do you know if you have this disease? What causes diabetes? And why is that while one form of diabetes comes from genetics that the other comes from our modern day lifestyles? These questions and more are what people want the answer to.

Recent studies have been able to provide striking evidence about the link between type 2 diabetes and obesity that the findings may motivate even the most committed couch potatoes to get up and exercise.

In a study involving data from the years 1990 to 1998, officials at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found a staggering 70 percent increase in type 2 diabetes among Americans between the ages of 30 and 39. Researchers attributed the whopping increase to sedentary lifestyle and poor nutrition, which together have caused obesity rates to rise in the United States.

The question of why obesity leads to type 2 diabetes has long been a mystery, but now, scientists may finally have an answer.

Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine recently reported the discovery of a hormone that may, for the first time, explain the molecular basis for the connection between diabetes and obesity.

Diabetes results in the failure of the body to either produce or properly use insulin, the hormone necessary to convert sugars, starches, and other foodstuffs into essential energy. This condition is commonly referred to as insulin resistance. When this malfunction occurs, the result is a buildup of glucose in the blood that can pose serious health problems.

The disease has three variations: gestational diabetes, occurring during pregnancy and usually disappearing afterward; type 1 diabetes, which occurs in young children and adolescents and is sometimes referred to as juvenile-onset diabetes; and type 2 diabetes, or adult-onset diabetes,