The European Renaissance.

Essay by phaynusHigh School, 11th gradeA-, January 2004

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The European Renaissance

The Renaissance was a period of European history, considered

by modern scholars as that between 1300 and 1600. Many dramatic

changes happened during the Renaissance. The Renaissance was a

period of new inventions and beliefs. The Enlightenment, the French Revolution, the Industrial Revolution, modern science, capitalism, politics, diplomacy, and warfare were all shaped by events, ideas, and thinkers of the Renaissance. In terms of cultural developments, the invention of the printing press, the Protestant Reformation and Catholic Counter-Reformation, and the flowering of Humanism were revolutionary for the construction of modern thought and culture. And of course the artistic accomplishments in art, literature, music, and theater are of monumental scope and significance.

The Renaissance was drastically different from the Middle

Ages. During the Middle Ages the church held most of the power and

its economy was agriculturally based. Exploration and learning

was almost put to a stop. During the Renaissance society was

transformed into a society increasingly dominated by central political

institutions with an urban commercial attitude.

Also, people's

curiosity overcame their fear and many people started to venture out

and explore. New schools and colleges became more and more common.

The Renaissance was started by many rich Italian cities, such

as Florence, Ferrara, Milan, and Venice. Because these cities were

very wealthy, many merchants started to spend money on different

things, such as painting, learning, new banking techniques, and new

systems of government. These things gave rise to a new type of

scholar, the humanist. Humanism was subjects concerned with humankind

and culture. They studied various things such as Latin, Greek

language, literature and philosophy. Music and mathematics were also

studied as well.

The Renaissance gave way to new forms of painting , art and

sculpture. During the Renaissance, artist were no longer regarded as

mere artisans,