Everything about diabetes 1st, 2nd and gestational.

Essay by uapro58High School, 10th gradeA+, December 2005

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Diabetes is a disease that causes an abnormally high level of sugar, or glucose, to build up in the blood. Diabetes also is caused by a shortage or improper use of insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is produced by specialized cells(bets cells) in the pancreas. It is then released into the blood stream. Insulin is required to allow glucose (sugar) to enter the cells in the body to be used for energy. Seventeen million Americans have diabetes. A third of people with diabetes don't know they have it. If you don't take care of it, diabetes can lead to blindness, kidney problems, heart problems, wounds that don't heal, and impotence in men.

There are 3 types of diabetes Type 1, Type 2, and gestational. Type 1 is also known as Juvenile onset or Insulin Dependent Diabetes. People who have Type 1 Diabetes are born with it and can start to see symptoms as a child thus giving the name Juvenile Diabetes.

Symptoms of Type 1 diabetes are caused when glucose blocked from entering the body's cells instead builds up in the blood. The symptoms usually develop quickly, over a few hours . A person with undiagnosed Type 1 Diabetes may appear quit ill and complain of increased thirst, urination, and appetite as well as weight loss. If these symptoms are not treated quickly, a condition known as ketoacidiosis can develop and lead to a dangerously high level of acid in the body, the result of the body's inability to use glucose for energy. The pancreas of a person with Type 1 diabetes produces no insulin, so the cells are unable to convert blood glucose into energy. Type 1 Diabetes is relatively rare , affecting less then 1% of the population and accounting for about 10% of all people with...