Explain what criminalistics is and the basis for their actions.

Essay by MaleahCollege, UndergraduateA+, May 2004

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Criminalistics is the professional and scientific discipline directed to the

recognition, identification, individualization, and evaluation of physical evidence by

application of the natural sciences in matters of law and science. Criminalistics includes

the identification of physical evidence and findings as to its origin. Criminalistics is one

of many divisions in the field of forensic science.

The crime laboratory in which physical evidence obtained by the police in the

course of an investigation is examined in may be known as a forensic science laboratory.

Laboratory technicians are often knows as forensic scientists. The professional group in

this field, however still identify with the term Criminalistics. Many times the public will

overlook the efforts of these crime scientists. Many people do not know the difference

between a criminologist and a criminalist. The difference is as night and day. The

criminologist studies the sociology of crime. They examine the criminal behavior, crime

statistics, and the causes and roots of crime.

Where as, the criminalist is a scientist who is

often someone with a doctorate in biology or chemistry (or both) who analyzes the

evidence collected at a crime scene. Criminalists help to identify victims and rule out

potential suspects. In most cases, it is the forensic evidence that can make or break a case.

Since there are rarely any other witnesses at a crime scene other than the victim and the

suspect criminalists help to recreate the scene. Criminalists are specialists who help to

bring us one step closer to solving unsolved crimes. Criminalists recognize, document,

collect, analyze, interpret, and testify to the significance of physical and biological

evidence. Their work involves the understanding and application of a wide variety of

scientific disciplines. Their recognition and proper interpretation of pattern evidence is an

important component of the work performed by chemists in...