The Four Functions of Management

Essay by alynneeA-, April 2007

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I can apply the four functions of management: planning, organizing, leading and controlling to my job as a Teacher Director in a classroom with 12 two and three-year-olds and three Assistant Teachers. Management is the process of working with people and resources to accomplish organizational goals (1). I manage a classroom of children and teachers and work with them to achieve our purpose of a smooth transition throughout the day. While all four traditional functions need to be met in order for there to be a successful outcome, it is not necessary for them to be in any specific order. Typically, I am multitasking all four in the hopes that our end goal will be obtained.

Planning is specifying the goals to be achieved and deciding in advance the appropriate actions needed to achieve those goals (2). Planning includes setting goals and creating clear objectives. It is important to know ahead of time how one is going to begin and what the process will look like throughout.

A manager needs to keep in mind the many internal and external influences that may affect the organization and his or her set goals. Past occurrences also need to be kept in mind so that preparations can be made in order to keep problems from occurring or reoccurring.

Managers at all levels are responsible for planning, which is future oriented and involves setting objectives for the things they want to achieve (3). Each week I meet and mentor with the three Assistant Teachers in my classroom. We discuss situations within the classroom and plan for individual children. They look to me as a mentor and are able to ask questions and offer suggestions. The teachers, including myself, set personal and overall classroom goals for the next week, and we discuss what worked well...