Fuel cell technology and automobiles.

Essay by RubyTuesday16College, Undergraduate July 2003

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Fuel Cell Automobile

Introduction to Fuel Cell Technology

Fuel cell technology in cars is a new and upcoming technology emerging

in society today. Currently, the only application in which it is being used is in the

NASA space program. The fuel cell works by converting chemical energy into

electrical energy and heat, as long as there is sufficient fuel present to supply the

reactions. This allows the batteries to recharge themselves continuously, cutting

the amount of fuel needed. The basic elements needed for a fuel cell to work are

hydrogen and oxygen, making the chemical emission basically water vapor.

Many companies and agencies are diligently working on producing a fuel cellbased automobile for the future. Fuel cell technology has some benefits and

consequences, which will be obvious in the foreseeable future.

Consequences of Fuel Cell Implementation

Some benefits of a fuel cell-based car are that they are better for the

environment, more efficient, safer, allow more political independence, and

reform the car industry.

These cars are helpful for the environment since the only

emission is water vapor. The car's emission will be almost nothing, with very

small amounts of air pollutants being released. The cars will also be more energy

efficient because it will use the heat and energy created to recharge the fuel

source. The cars will be safer due to the more stable fuel, which in turn will be

less likely to explode. The United States will also become less dependent on

foreign companies for their oil, which can enable more local companies to emerge

and help economic growth within the U.S. The car industry will be

revolutionized; the cars will be built and designed in completely different ways

than they are now. The fuel cells cut out the need for an internal combustion

engine, and allows for...