Functions of Management

Essay by valenciaiUniversity, Bachelor's January 2009

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Functions of ManagementPlanningPlanning is specifying the goals to be achieved and deciding in advance the appropriateactions needed to achieve those goals. Planning activities include analyzing currentsituations, anticipating the future, determining objectives, deciding in what types ofactivities the company will engage, choosing corporate and business strategies, and determiningthe resources needed to achieve the organization's goals. Plans set the stagefor action and for major achievements. Planning is also the management function of systematically making decisions about the goals and activities that an individual, a group, a work unit, or the overall organization will pursue. (University of Phoenix, 2007. Planning: Delivering Strategic Value, ¶ 1)I am retired form the U.S. Army now, but when I served in the Army, I was a Platoon Sergeant who managed personnel and assets. One of my duties was to insure that the personnel under my command were trained and ready to perform the mission or missions assigned to my platoon.

In order to accomplish that, I had to carefully plan the training of my soldiers, as part of my planning session, I took in consideration first, the objectives and tasks delegated to my platoon and secondly, how these objectives and tasks fitted in the overall goals of the Unit. Before I planned the training for my platoon, I had a meeting with my staff and put forward the following questions as a framework:1. What are we trying to achieve during training?2. What is the standard of training that needs to be met?3. For how long can we train the soldiers?4. What supplies do we need and/or have on hand?OrganizingOrganizing is assembling and coordinating the human, financial, physical, informational,and other resources needed to achieve goals. Organizing activities include attracting people to the organization, specifying job responsibilities, grouping jobs into work units, marshaling and allocating resources, and...