Functions of Management Four Forms APA Format

Essay by Evan SwanUniversity, Bachelor's May 2004

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The theory of Management has seen many different approaches to overcoming work place conflict and structural challenges through out history. For thousands of years, managers have wrestled with the same issues and problems confronting executives today. What is a manager? What is there function? The Chinese sometime around 1100 B.C. realized they needed to answer this question. They developed a form of management to succeed in their work functions. This creative problem solving is accomplished through four functions of management: planning, organizing, leading and controlling. The intended result is the use of an organization's resources in a way that accomplishes its mission and objectives (Higgins, 1994). Now a manager's role is to lead an organization to an objective using people and resources to effectively and efficiently accomplish organizational goals.

A manager can be defined in many ways. From the high-ranking Chief Executive Officer or the team leader who is fundamental to the organization.

Each manager therefore has different roles throughout these stages. Middle management has a more hands-on role in running of the company compared to the CEO, who as well as concentrating on the day to day running of the company must also asses the future layout of the organization, The four functions of a manager are definitely crucial to the prolonged success of any company. Leading is perhaps the most crucial tool of any manager since company moral and the ability to motivate is critical to the achievement of the goals stated in the planning stage. But do not think you can settle for just one of the four functions. Like competitive advantages each system or quality a manager has or implements has an equal value. Global business of today is a reference of what management styles are increasingly effective in the marketplace and show what new approaches...