Genghis Khan bio.

Essay by thenamesmehoffJunior High, 8th gradeA+, March 2006

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Genghis Khan was born with the name Temüjin circa 1162 in Mongolia. He was the first son of Yesükhei, who was a tribal chief in a clan called the Borjigin. Temüjin's mother was Hoelun who was from the Olkhunut tribe of the Mongol confederation. Temüjin had four brothers and one sister. Temüjin had a difficult early life. At age 9, he was left to live with his future wife's family until he was old enough to marry, but Yesükhei was poisoned and Temüjin's clan left their rightful chief. In later years, Temüjin's family lived a life of impovershed nomads, and Temüjin killed his half-brother Bekhter over a fight for food. He was also captured in 1182, and if he had not escaped he would have been executed. Temüjin then learned that he would have to make many alliances in order to survive the political climate of Mongolia. When he was about 16, Temüjin married Börte of the Konkirat tribe, but she was kidnapped by the Merkit tribe.

With the help of his friend, Jamuka, Temüjin rescued her. Temüjin and Borte had four sons: Jochi (whose parentage is questionable), Chagatai, Ögedei, and Tolui.

Temüjin slowly gained power by making alliances and allying himself with his father's blood brother. Temüjin defeated the threats of the Kerait tribe and Naimains This left Temüjin as the ruler of the the Mongol plains. All clans and tribes were united and called the Mongols and became they became the Mongol Empire. Using his charisma and strong will, Temüjin united all of Central Asia under a single code by 1206. A council of Mongol chiefs named Temüjin as Khan of the consolidated tribes, and he took the title of Genghis Khan.

Genghis Khan made advances in military disciplines, such as mobility, psychological warfare, intelligence, military autonomy, and...