Genocide in Sudan

Essay by vybzdanielleCollege, UndergraduateA-, March 2007

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Today, Darfur faces a "humanitarian catastrophe”. Following a rebel insurgence in 2003 over living conditions in Darfur, the Sudanese government has funded a virtual campaign of ethnic cleansing in the area, through economic support of the Janjaweed militias. This brutal campaign is determined to daunt any opposition within the country. Appalling atrocities have been committed against Darfurians, particularly the non-Arabs and non-Muslims. Crises and conflagration with neighbouring Chad have resulted. The systematic savagery has been compared with the Rwandan Genocide.

The Darfur crisis took on an international dimension when over 100,000 refugees poured into Chad, hunted by Janjaweed militiamen in 2004. The Janjaweed clashed with Chadian government forces along the border, chasing the refugees. Both sides suffered severe losses. Due to escalating regional tensions, the Chadian government declared hostility toward Sudan, and to call for Chadian citizens to rally against the "common enemy.”According to the United Nations, more than four million Sudanese are internally displaced, and four hundred thousand have been killed as a result of the Darfur conflict.

The Janjaweed continue to dismember and kill non-combatants, even young children and babies. Tear gas, helicopter gunships, and Antonov bombers are savagely effective against civilians. Sudanese ministers have physically delivered arms to the Janjaweed. Torture and abduction are rampant. The HIV virus which causes AIDS is sometimes transmitted through the vicious rape of women, often in public. Displacement in the harsh physical environment without food, water, transport donkeys or other resources, often is a death sentence. Refugee camps are regularly bombed, in flagrant violation of security agreements.

Many People of Darfur die as a result of starvation and disease. Wells are dynamited or poisoned with corpses. There is massive destruction of foodstocks, seeds, agricultural implements, livestock, and irrigation systems. Villages are burned, and cattle looted, thus destroying the “food insurance”...