Essay by PaperNerd ContributorHigh School, 11th grade August 2001

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In Eighteenth century England a general rise in the sale of Gin was occurring. Gin was becoming more and more popular. Some English citizens approved and supported the sale of Gin while others did not. Some English people just wanted to stay neutral and produce a compromise between the two. Various reasons and purposes account for the difference in opinions but the Gin Act of 1751 formulated debate from all groups in society.

Some citizens approved and supported the sale of Gin in England. England at that time had already gone through the extraordinary Agriculture Revolution. The new technologies brought by the Revolution had tripled England's wheat supply and had forced the sale and demand of wheat to plummet. People supported gin because it could help them as well as their government by providing relief from the over production of wheat. This remedy would in turn produce more demand and improve sales.

(Doc 1) Even England's climate aided in the sale of gin. Englishmen and women at that time worked very long hours either in their home or working for another family. When it came time for the weekend or a holiday gin was considered relief. Since England's weather was often foggy, cold, and damp it would make peoples actions and spirit supine. (Doc 8) A very serious problem lay for Gin distillers and merchants, the Gin Act of 1751. The Gin Act had done 3 things to restrict the sale of Gin. The first thing was that it prohibited gin distillers from selling to unlicensed merchants which hurt the distillers because some licensed merchants charged very high prices for their services and if a distiller could sell to a unlicensed merchant he could save money. The Gin Act also restricted retail licenses to substantial property owners. Some wealthy landowners...