A Guide to Ergonomics

Essay by Vinceron29High School, 11th gradeA, April 2005

download word file, 3 pages 3.0



Definition- Ergonomics in the study of how the physical, and sometimes the psychological, health of workers is affected by their workplace. Studies have shown that certain things in the workplace (including temperature, lighting, air, furniture design, and equipment design) can affect the speed at which employees work, workers' health, and absenteeism. Good ergonomics means creating a healthier, safer, and more comfortable work area for employees.


When work environment are designed to be ergonomically correct, employees are happier, healthier, more productive, and more efficient. In addition, morale may be higher when employees perceive their well-being is

important to the employer. As a result, employees miss fewer days and

quit their job less frequently. As a result, businesses can save a lot of money in lower staff turnover, which requires time spent advertising positions and training new personnel. Businesses make money due to increased productivity and efficiency.


Injuries When workplaces are not designed ergonomically, they can cause discomfort and many types of injuries to employees. The most common

type of injury is musculoskeletal injuries (MSI). MSI happens when a worker performs repetitive tasks causing stress on nerves, muscles, tendons, or other body parts. The most frequently reported MSI in North America is carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). CTS occurs when a nerve in the wrists is used over and over with the wrong data or hold objects in that hand. CTS is often caused by long hours of keying at a computer workstation that is not properly adjusted to the worker's height. Other illnesses cased by poorly designed work areas are eyestrain, headache, fatigue, allergies, backaches and poor circulation.

Lights should not flicker because this causes annoyance and eyestrain. Fluorescent banks of light are effective and cheap, but are not ideal as they can...