Harry S. Truman.

Essay by HDP120179University, Bachelor'sA+, September 2003

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Harry S. Truman

Harry S. Truman was the 33rd president of the United States from 1945 to 1953. Truman was in office for two terms. He became president on April 12, 1945 when Franklin D. Roosevelt died. While in office for the first couple of weeks, Truman had won the war in Europe. Truman started the foreign policy of containing Communism, a policy that which later became known as the trademark of the Cold War. He kept up the wellbeing of the policies that was established under his successor, President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Truman helped to make an impact on the power in the executive branch, a movement begun under President Roosevelt. Truman's readiness to accept responsibility for difficult decisions made him one of the most controversial presidents. He choose to use the new atomic bomb against Japan to end WWII. All through his administration, Truman ineffectively rallied congressional support for most of his program of domestic legislation, called the Fair Deal.

However, he did secure sufficient legislative backing to create an exceptional record in foreign affairs, especially in meeting what most Americans felt was the challenge posed by the rising power of the Communist. During Truman's administration the United States became a charter member of the United Nations (UN) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO); sponsored important foreign policy initiatives known as the Truman Doctrine, the Marshall Plan, and Point Four Program; and assumed a leading role in the fighting in the Korean War (1950-1953).

In his early life, Truman was the oldest of three children born to Martha Ellen Young -Truman and John Anderson Truman. Truman was born in Lamar, Missouri, in 1884. Truman had no middle name; his parents gave him the middle initial S. because two family relatives' names started with that letter. When Truman...