Herodotus: Greek Historian

Essay by xtimessUniversity, Master'sA+, November 2002

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It would be impossible to write a 15 page, or even a 100 page, essay that would give Herodotus the honor he deserves for all he has given the world. The first two(2) pages of this essay will be a brief biography of Herodotus. His background bares importance to how he became the historian he was, such as living in Bodrum. The next seven(7) pages will touch on Herodotus' The Historians; page three(3) to page five(5) will speak of Croesus and page six(6) to page ten(10) will speak of Cyrus for these two characters will help the reader understand a bit about him. The last six(6) pages will speak of or mention other historians, such as Homer, Anaximander, Hecataeus, Thucydides, Machavelli, Plato, Sophocles, Theopompus, and Philistus in order to show Herodotus' prose, as well as to express arguments.

Brief Biography

Herodotus was born to wealthy parents, Lyxes and Dryos, between 485 B.C.

and 490 B.C. in what is now known as Bodrum, Turkey. He had one brother, Theodorus. Bodrum was known as Halicarnassus in ancient times and was the site of King Mausolus' Tomb (4th Century B.C.), one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. In the harbor, the Bodrum Castle, or the medieval castle of St. Peter, is an excellent example of 15th century crusader architecture, and has been converted into the Museum of Underwater Archeology, with remains dating as far back as the Bronze Age. It is uncertain when Herodotus died, however, his book The Histories ended in 430 B.C. Some believe he moved back to Athens and died at the beginning of the Peloponnesian War, others think he died in Thurii and others believe he passed away in Pella. (Raubitscheck, 47-118)

His family had been loyal to Greece so when Persia took over the...