Hinduism & Buddhism

Essay by oknajpeHigh School, 10th gradeA, October 2014

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Hinduism and Buddhism are two very unique religions. Buddhism is a monotheistic religion which was founded by a man named Siddhartha Guatama, also known as the Buddha, where as Hinduism has no true founder. Hinduism is a polytheistic religion that originated with the Aryans and eventually spread throughout India. These two religions were both founded in India and have several similarities and differences. Both have a spiritual goal but differ in their ways of achieving it.

Hindu people strive to achieve Moshka, or union with Brahman. This can be reached by following the caste system. In this system, one must die a brahmin male in order to achieve Moshka. A Buddhist's goal is to reach Nirvana, or union with the universe. One can achieve Nirvana by following the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path. Both Buddhist and Hindu people believe in karma, the belief that all actions have consequences, good or bad, and dharma, or one's duty that must be fulfilled in order to reach a spiritual goal.

In both religions if one is unable to reach their spiritual goal they will be reincarnated. Reincarnation is the rebirth of a soul in a new body. In Hinduism reincarnation depends on karma and your placement in the caste system. If you have bad karma, you are reincarnated into a lower caste but if you have good karma, you are reincarnated into a higher caste until you reach the highest caste as a male and Moshka is reached. Buddhism does not follow the caste system. Buddhists believe that one can be incarnated as anybody in the whole world. As long as one follows the Four Noble Truths and Eightfold Path in that lifetime Nirvana can be achieved.

Life is extremely sacred to both Hindus and Buddhists. Cows are considered to...