THE HISTORY OF GAME BOY. This essay explains the history of Nintendo's Game Boy. It's pretty technically in-depth. (includes references)

Essay by wookieeHigh School, 10th gradeA+, April 2002

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Introduced in 1989 as a big, neutral-gray brick of a B&W portable game machine, the Nintendo Game Boy may have been considered instantly obsolete by some. A Z80 chip, something that had fallen out of use with personal computer manufacturers halfway through that decade, powered it. Its display was monochrome and LCD with a resolution of 160x140. Four AA batteries supplied about 20 hours of play. In an age when the NES and late 80s arcade games had spoiled players with stereo sound; the only way to get stereo out of the Game Boy was with its headphones.

But the "killer app" of the Nintendo Game Boy was its portability. But hadn't this been tried before, with the Milton-Bradley Microvision around 1982? Sure it had. But the Microvision didn't come packed with what was, at the time, the most popular game in the world: Tetris.

Nintendo and a few other manufacturers released a whole slew of Game Boy titles, and it seemed uncertain what genre of gaming would be the machine's strength: puzzle games, like Tetris, or decent classic arcade adaptations such as Qix and Super Mario Bros.?

The confusion was intensified by the Super Game Boy, a module fitting into the Super NES cartridge slot, which allowed the machine to play Game Boy games encoded with minimal color schemes.

It was 1997 before the true compelling application of the Game Boy was discovered: a little Japanese creation, which every child in America now knows as Pokemon. Thus, starting the huge pokemania craze. Although starting to die down some, still in full effect.

The next installment in the Game Boy lineup was the Game Boy Color introduced in 1999, sprucing up the same basic machine although twice as fast and with a color LCD display, still non-backlit. It could display...