History of Surrealism

Essay by swoody0418University, Bachelor'sA+, August 2014

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Historical Background

The movement of Surrealism was originated in 1924 in Paris by an aspired group of writers and artists. The individuals believed that cataleptic objects delivered the ability to unlock the power of the imagination (Surrealism, n.d.). The group was looked down upon rationalism because they believed the mind suppressed the ability to express its imagination when in its conscious state. Surrealism expressed revelations that were believed to occur in everyday life. Surrealism initiated a concept of expression known as automatic writing, or automatism, which released the power of the imagination. André Breton introduced the first creation of Surrealism with his original publication of Manifesto of Surrealism in 1924. Manifesto of Surrealism was a book that Breton wrote that emphasized his beliefs against scientific reasoning. In contrast, he believed that scientific reasoning obstructed individual's capability to express their creativity in the most purest form. The Surrealists artists and writers were influenced by the work of Pablo Picasso, Francis Picabia, and Marcel Duchamp because of the logical and stimulating quality of their work.

For example, Duchamp's work Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even inspired Surrealists because of the unique and unusual modifications of the objects.

German Max Ernst (1891 - 1976), André Masson (1893 - 1983), and Spaniard Joan Miró (1893 - 1987), and Man Ray (1890 - 1976) were the first artists to work with Surrealist techniques (Surrealism, n.d.). An example of Masson's influential designs consisted of curving, warping, and uninterrupted lines that emerged from symbolic figures that were produced from the imagination.

Surrealism Movement

In 1927, René Magritte (1898-1967) of Belgian moved to Paris to introduce his surreal designs that contained explicit figures in fantasy settings. Miró's artwork The Potato (1928) utilized similar organic foundations and twisted lines to produce a fantasy world to fictional figures. Benton...