History Of Titanium

Essay by fryingpannJunior High, 9th gradeA, May 2004

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William Gregor in England, 1971, first discovered titanium in an impure form.

It was later given the name titanium (after the Titans, in Greek mythology, the sons of the Earth Goddesses) by a German chemist, Martin Kloproth.


Titanium has an atomic number of 22, meaning it has 22 protons, 22 neutrons and 22 electrons.

Titanium is a hard, silvery-grey metallic element.

It is a transition element, which means that in a given electron ring; it does not have a complete set of electrons.

Titanium is amazingly the ninth most abundant element in the Earth's crust and makes up a massive 0.57 percent of it.

It has a melting point of 1668 degrees Celsius and a boiling point of 3287 degrees Celsius.

Titanium has a hexagonal crystal structure.


It is hypoallergenic (less chance to provoke an allergic reaction), and unlike stainless steel, it is nickel-free.

Titanium is an ideal material for water sports, including divers, and watches and braces because it is a strong material.

It has a similar strength to stainless steel, except that it is 45 percent lighter, making it a great material to use for bikes.

Approximately 95 percent of titanium is consumed in the form of titanium dioxide (TiO2). This is an intensely white pigment with excellent covering power in paint, paper and plastics.

Paints made from titanium dioxide are great reflectors of infrared radiation, therefore used extensively by astronomers.

Its strength, lightweight, extraordinary corrosion resistance and ability to withstand extreme temperatures; titanium alloys are principally used in aircrafts and missiles.

Titanium can also be used in consumer products such as golf clubs, bicycles, wedding bands, tennis racquets, muffler tips, laptop computers, tennis racquets and even tooth replacements.


Titanium is found...