Holistic care

Essay by lennie April 2006

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This assignment intends to define holism prior to identifying individualised and holistic care. It will then follow by exploring relevant nursing requirements on individualised and holistic care. Continuing with focusing on how the care is delivered, which will include theories, concepts and principles that explain how individuality, client involvement, autonomy, empowerment, advocacy, evaluation and monitoring are all significant within holistic care. A brief patient history will be offered and the development of the nursing process along with how the individualised care package was accomplished in a holistic approach. In concluding, feedback will be given on how individualised and holistic care is achieved.

Holism described by McFerran (1998) is a term that is applied to a range of orthodox and un-orthodox methods. It is the approach to patient care in which the physiological, psychological, and social factors of the patient's condition are taken into account, rather than just the diagnosed disease.

Ewles and Simnett (1999) state that holism is seen as positive well being, including social, emotional, mental and societal aspects as well as physical ones and is seen to be affected by social, environmental economic and political factors. According to Bertie et al (1991) the physical functioning of the body can be affected by the mental and spiritual state. The emphasis on nursing is then to care for or treat that person in a holistic approach. Maslow (1970) maintains this by stating that the lower order physiological needs must be met before the higher levels can be accomplished. An example of this could be an individual who lacks warmth, shelter and food is unlikely to feel safe, secure or cared for. Holism can therefore be defined as involving all aspects of the patient including the mental, physical, intellectual, emotional, spiritual and social outlook the individual has.

Roper et al (1996)...