Holocaust Study Guide

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TYPES OF CAMPS1. One of the types of camps owned by the Nazis was concentration camps. The inmates there were forced to work under harsh conditions and starvation2. The second type of camps was actual death camps. These camps were just made to kill Jewish people and other groups who were classified as enemies of the Nazis.

3. There was also a third type of camp called Red Cross camps. At these camps the Red Cross was able to come in and tend for the Jewish people there.

PEOPLE INVOLVED4. There were many people who were killed in the Holocaust. Along with the Jews, non-Jewish Poles, alleged communists, political opposition, members of resistance groups, Catholic and Protestant opponents, unionists, homosexuals, physically handicapped, mentally retarted, soviet prisoners of war, Jehovah's Witnesses, anti-Nazi clergy, and psychiatric patients were all killed.

5. The Nazis ran the camps and had German doctros perform tests on the prisoners.

MAP OF CAMP LOCATIONShttp://z.about.com/d/history1900s/1/0/D/6/EasternEurope3.JPGDESCRIPTION OF DAILY LIFE IN CAMPS6. The Germans treated their prisoners like animals. Their lives were terrible from the time they got on the trains.

PICTURE- Jewish people on traincars being transported to camps- http://www.tallarmeniantale.com/pics/armenia-survival/Armenian-Genocide/rail.jpg7. The prisoners were herded like cattle into the train cars that were over filled. There was no fresh air and no water.

8. All of the prisoners were assigned to barracks where they had to sleep in bunks. They were burlap mattresses filled with rotton straw. They were living in rooms filled with fleas and lice.

PICTURE- Jewish bunk beds in the barracks- http://www.scrapbookpages.com/Buchenwald/LandinoPhotos/InsideBarracks.jpg9. The prisoners were forced to wake up between 4:00 a.m. and 5:00 a.m. when they reported for roll call. If the officer lost count he would start over. They were forced to stand there for hoursPICTURE- Morning roll call- http://www.remember.org/image/roll.gif10. After that it was time for breakfast. They were given a slice of bread and a cup of coffee made from acorns and water.

11. Their lunch was a soup made from potato peels and beets.

12. Dinner was a slice of bread. They were dying of starvation. Some tried to eat grass and roots to stay alive.

13. The prisoners were forced to do labor both outside and working in factories. During the winter many froze to death.

14. The guards frequently beat the prisoners and threatened them. They would lie and tell the workers that they would all be killed at the end of the day just to scare them.

15. The overcrowding, starvation, disease, and brutal Germans killed millions of people in the camps. They were killed by the thousands in gas chambers. They were buried in mass graves.

PICTURE- Mass Grave- http://www.martinfrost.ws/htmlfiles/mass_grave1.jpg