HTML Basics

Essay by canibjabUniversity, Bachelor'sA+, February 2006

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HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language. It is essentially a collection of codes and normal text that are placed into a file which is then "read" by a browser, such as Netscape, Internet Explorer, Mozilla, Opera, etc. The codes tell the browser how the content of the page is to be displayed: not only with respect to font size and colour but also to layout and page structure. HTML is a standard promoted by the W3C. Version 4.0 of the standard is now out. In the meantime, dynamic HTML is gaining in popularity and you should apply yourself to XHTML (Extensible HyperText Markup Language) if you want to be "in." As well as the different browsers there are differences in the way in which the code is read. It is therefore possible that, when calling up the same webpage, you obtain a different result with different browsers. When creating a basic webpage, however, the likelihood of any differences occurring is minimal so you will not have to worry about that.

As mentioned earlier, HTML is a mixture of codes and text. These codes are usually called "tags" and always have the following basic form: A distinction can be made between the various types of tags: Basic normal text with a start and end tag normal text. With extensions or options in HTML Remarks:

* There is no limit on the number of options inside a tag;

* An end tag must never contain any options normal text normal text with other extensions normal text. The options inside a tag look like this: option1="value" option2="value," etc. Once you have grown accustomed to the tags, they are very easy to use. It is possible to use almost every option inside different tags.

An HTML page is always made up of...