Impacts Caused By Oil Drilling in Ecuador

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Amanda Udes

Geography 162-01

Doctor Williams

29 April 2014

Impacts Caused By Oil Drilling in Ecuador

Ecuador is a small country about the size of the state of Nevada that lies in western South America, bordering the Pacific Ocean at the Equator, between Colombia to the north and Peru to the east and south. The four main regions of Ecuador is the coast along the Pacific Ocean, the Andean region, the Amazon basin, and the Galapagos Islands. Two ranges of the Andes Mountains are topped by tall volcanic peaks. Ecuador is prone to natural disasters like floods, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and landslides. Ecuador has a rich and varied biodiversity and is one of the most diverse countries. Ecuador has 1500 kilometers of waterways that are mostly inaccessible. Most of the rivers in Ecuador flow east towards the Amazon River or west towards the Pacific Ocean. Major rivers are Pastaza River, Napo River, and Putumayo River.

The population of Ecuador that was estimated for July 2014 is 15,654,411 people. The population growth rate is 1.37%. The birth rate is 18.87 births to every 1,000 population. The death rate is 5.04 deaths to every 1,000 population. The life expectancy at birth is 76.36 years, for males the life expectancy rate is 73.4 years and for female 79.46 years. The migration rate is -.13 migrant(s) to every 1,000 population. The immigration rate is 2.3%. The population density is 54 people per square kilometer. The median age is 26.3 years old. Male to female ratio is 0.99 males to every female; 7,676,195 males and 7,763, 234 females.

Ecuador is run by a republic government. President Rafael Correa Delgado and Vice President Jorge Glas Espinel were both elected by popular vote on February 17, 2013. As stated in the Factbook published by the Central Intelligence...