The Income Inequality Debate

Essay by alibu88University, Bachelor'sB, November 2014

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Chu Tian Wu

The Income Inequality Debate

Humans had lived in an egalitarian society for 10000 years before we lived in an equal society, as the article " Our Egalitarian Eden "by Pennisi (2014) said. People all desire to live in unequal society because the concept of egalitarianism is printed in our genes. However, after humankind live in unequal society, our civilization still keeps developing and invents a lot of techniques to make our life more beautiful. According to the article, "The Income Inequality Myth," by Tanner File, Nobel Prize-winning economist Gary Becker pointed out (2011), "If people have the same salaries, reputation and social position, how to stimulate people to work hard? ". I think egalitarianism is not the same as social justice because if people do not know how to optimize the allocation of social resources and just distribute in absolute equality, our civilization cannot develop into a higher level.

People might wonder what should we do can guarantee the social gap between the rich people and poor people cannot block social mobility. My personal opinion is society should provide the ability for all people to improve and show their quality, then according to different social worth to distribute wealth.

First of all, People must solve inequality in education as soon as possible because education is the most important chance to change people's destiny. According the article "Education Gap Grows Between Rich and Poor" by Sabrina Tavernise (2012), inequality education has replaced race discrimination to be the most serious social problem in US. Rich family's children receive a better education than the poor family's children. So their rates of success in US are totally different. However, they do not have significant IQ difference, actually the only difference that is the rich family can send their...