Indian Removal - Study Notes

Essay by thekingandqueen January 2009

download word file, 1 pages 1.0

Downloaded 19 times

1.What did the state of Georgia do right after Jackson's election?-the Georgians went after Cherokee land --> proclaimed that the Cherokees were subject to the authority of the state of Georgia-meaning that Cherokee in Georgia have to obey state law or leave-very much victims of authority - don't have the rights of citizensFive Civilized Tribes-Cherokee - Georgia-Choctaw - Mississippi-Chicksaw - Mississippi-Creek - Alabama-Seminole - Florida2.How did Indians respond to Jackson's Removal Act? What role did the Supreme Court play in the removal policy?-did not want to be forced from their lands and relocated elsewhere-strongly resisted it-some fought the policy in open combat and others fought removal in court-the Cherokee Indians had unsuccessful appeals to the Supreme Court-John Ross --> leader of the Cherokee Nation (pursued the case to the SC)-Cherokee Nation v. Georgia --> Marshall ruled that they domestic, dependent people - intermediate status (don't have the right to bring the case before the court) -->if he could render a decision he would side with the Cherokees-Treaty of New Echota --> federal government will pay support to move the Cherokee → will provide with the necessary transportation to get them there-small group (led by John Ridege, Elias Boudinot, Stand Watie) that signed the treaty leave3.

What was the Trail of Tears?-after unsuccessful appeals to the Supreme Court & several years of continued resistance -->the Cherokees were finally removed from their lands and were forcibly marched into Oklahoma (officially titled as Indian Territory)-summer of 1837 became known as the Trial of Tears-since they were hustled off of their lands --> they went with few supplies and little planning-many died before the march had even began-many died of disease, malnutrition, dehydration, and exhaustion along the way --> a quarter of the Cherokee died (800 mile route to the Indian...