The Industrial Boom, history of it and its outcome

Essay by Luvbug7381High School, 11th gradeA+, February 2004

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The Industrial Boom:

In the United States in 1860, the county and people mainly depended on farming rather than industrializing like other nations such as Great Britain. Not only did they depend of farming but since there were not many cities, most people lived in small towns. It took the U.S. a lot longer to industrialize because at the time it was a lot more profitable to farm since there was plenty of cheap labor from slaves. Before one would know it, the United States was the greatest industrial nation. Cities began to grow rapidly because of many different reasons. From 1860-1900 many factors helped to promote America's huge industrial growth such as the abolishment of slavery, Immigrants, New technology, increase in the production of crops and the freed slaves.

One of the many reasons for the growth of industrialization was the abolition of slavery. This impacted the growth because not only did the freed southern blacks leave the south to try and escape persecution, but they also left for job opportunities which were rising with the rise of factories.

The blacks were a source of cheap labor for factory owners. Since African Americans needed jobs, they went for anything they could get and the factory owners knew this, so they could pay them as little as they wanted. Not only were blacks a source of cheap labor but immigrants as well came to America for opportunity. They too needed jobs and worked in factories for very little pay and worked in unsanitary dirty conditions. An example of the immigration growth in the U.S. is shown in document six where it is shown that as the decades past, immigration rate was going higher and higher. The southern farmers now left with no cheap labor found it much more costly to...