Intelligence Testing Article Analysis

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Intelligence Testing Article Analysis

PSY450/Diversity and Cultural Factors in Psychology

Intelligence Testing Article Analysis

Intelligence tests are believed to measure intelligence, IQ, and converted into a numeric score. IQ is the cognitive processes, knowledge to solve problems, and reach goals (Shiraev & Levy, 2010). Intelligence varies with each culture as well. The bell curve theory explains that a normal supply of IQ scores is generally divided into three substantial categories, which are people with low, average, and high IQ scores (Shiraev & Levy, 2010). Intelligence scores generated by the bell curve can show that people with high IQs are usually lawyers, doctors, scientists, and so forth (Shiraev & Levy, 2010). The bells curve also explains that people who have low IQs are more likely to be convicts criminals single mothers, drug addicts, and high-school failures, and so on (Shiraev & Levy, 2010).

The score is measured by using the answers from a series of tasks/questions (Shiraev & Levy, 2010). Every test has several subtests that measure numerous cognitive skills (Shiraev & Levy, 2010). Most intelligent tests are made-up of verbal and nonverbal problems, perceptual judgments, puzzles, word associations, describing pictures, memorization, and the like (Shiraev & Levy, 2010). This type of test may be used by employers as a part of the interview process. These scores may also indicate that people will find partners and friends who have the same cognitive level as themselves (Shiraev & Levy, 2010).

Cultural Differences in Intelligence

A person must try to understand cultural differences when assessing the scores of an intelligence test (Shiraev & Levy, 2010). To understand cultural differences in the intelligence scores the test giver must know the difference between cognitive potential, know what cognitive skills...