Introduction to landuse - start of for geog c/w

Essay by sparklinstareyezHigh School, 11th grade February 2005

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What is a model?

A model a type of theatrical framework this means that even though it may not exist it will help explain the reality. It has shown that towns do not grow in a random way but tend to develop in a recognisable way e.g. shapes, patterns, etc.

Even though all urban areas are unique these areas share a certain characteristics with one another here are two of the earliest land use models to be put forward and are also the easiest to apply.

Ø Burgess Model

The Burgess Model shows that in the centre of all towns there is a CBD (Central Business District). Initially the Burgess theory was based on Chicago to state that towns grow outward from the CBD. The resultant circles were based on the age of the houses and wealth & occupation of the owner of the building in each area. The newer the building the more wealthier the owner with increasing the distance from the CBD.

Ø Hoyt model

Hoyt suggested that in urban areas developed sectors/wedges alongside transport routes into and out of the main city. This shows that Hoyt proposed his idea after public transport was developed. Hoyt also claimed that if an industry and a low- cost housing developed in one part of a town in the nineteenth century then the newer industry and modern low-cost housing would also be located in the same area.

Ø What's the difference between the Burgess and the Hoyt model?

The difference between the Hoyt and the Burgess model is that the Burgess theory is based in the CBD and how the area has grown outwards from it. Though the Hoyt theory is based on the direction the city grows due to the routes of the transport going into and out...