Korean war, causes and effects of korean war in south korea and north korea

Essay by ray83911University, Bachelor's July 2008

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It has been more than a half century ago since Korean War, which was a significant event for both North and South Korea as well as other countries who were involved in the War. It is marked as a tragedy in modern contemporary history that destroyed the entire nation of Korea and killed millions of people. Furthermore, the after effect of the War is still presently influencing North and South Korea internally and externally. The effect of Korean War is visible in living conditions of people, structure of society and understanding of the society. The War's influence is deeply embedded in both North and South Korean's history, controlling the consciousness and perception of the people. Internationally, Korean War has accelerated the Cold War, further stiffening the confrontation between the East and the West. Korean War also strengthened United State's ideology of freedom and heavily affected United State's position in international order.

Although North and South Korea remained hostile to each other, Cold War came to an end in addition to unification of East and West Germany. However, despite international peace and unifications, North and South Korea still remains divided not only geographically but also ideologically. Then what is the fundamental reason? Many scholars have argued that it is the distinctiveness and particularity of Korean War. In other words, Korean War has inspired disbelief of each other. Nevertheless, although problems have been address, further analysis is yet to be made. This paper will argue that Korean War, one of the most destructive conflicts of the 20th century took place not only on the basis of distrust between North and South Korea, but also underlying political contentions between U.S.S.R., U.S., China and Japan after WWII, influenced the rise of Korean War. In order to make this argument, I am going to examine...