Leadership and Management

Essay by rubyna99College, UndergraduateA-, May 2009

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Leadership and management are two opposing styles of employee supervision, actively used with in the Wal-Mart stores. Both have similarities, yet there are many differences that separate a manager from a leader. Bateman and Snell, 2008 stated that "Management is the process of working with people and resources, to accomplish organizational goal" (p19). Leadership is a manner in which a leader aspires to persuade his or her team to launch and achieve a organizational goal. This paper will discuss the difference between management and leadership, the roles of leaders and managers, and the managers in creating and maintaining a healthy culture. This paper will also explain how the four functions of management support creating and maintaining a healthy organizational culture.

Managers have subordinates and the power over others. This is a formal authority given to them by the organization, and the subordinates work and follow what the manager tells them.

Management is a transactional style, and the subordinates follow managers because they believe it will increase his or her salary or reward. Managers are work focus; they are paid to get things done often with great constraints of time and money. They usually pass this work focus to the subordinates. Managers also seek to avoid conflict. Leaders do not have subordinates but have followers and aspiring people to work and achieve a organizational goal. Leaders have charismatic and transformational styles that attract people, and followers feel that they have not just gained rewards but somehow feel they have made their lives better. Leaders are always good with people, and quiet styles are very effective at creating loyalty. Leaders are achievement- focused which is very important in aspiring people to work towards their vision. Leaders are risk-takers and ready to take any problems that come their way. Leaders allow changes...