Leadership Models

Essay by Pan413University, Master's April 2006

download word file, 3 pages 4.8

The Blanchard Leadership Model

In the Blanchard Leadership Model, Hersey and Blanchard (1977) suggest that the style of leadership is dependent on the subordinate's development level, competence versus commitment. The leader then has two different types of leadership, directive behavior and supportive behavior. The characteristics of directive behavior are one-way communication, followers' role spelled out, and closes supervision of performance. Supportive leadership behaviors include two-way communication, listening, providing support and encouragement, facilitate interaction and to involve follower in decision making. When the two types of leadership are put on a grid, four leadership styles emerge.

1. Directing - the follower has a low skill level and possesses low commitment. The follower has lacks training, understanding or previous experience and also lacks the motivation to complete the task. The leader would closely supervise this follower and use one-way communication to instruct the follower.

2. Coaching - the follower has low level of skill but high commitment.

The follower possesses the motivation to complete the task but lacks understanding. The leader uses two-way communication to provide guidance and gain suggestions from the follower about how to complete the task.

3. Supporting - the follower has a high skill and variable commitment. The follower has the ability to complete the task, but does not have the confidence to do so. The leader focuses on motivation and confidence, the task is completed by the follower.

4. Delegating - the follower is both high in skill and commitment. The follower is experienced and motivated to fully complete the task. The leader assigns the task and the follower is in charge of decision making and completion.

This model could be effective at EEST. It could be used to assess the skill levels of the new employees and help to provide focus for the employees...