"Lord Of The Flies" by Golding Viewing the various aspects of the island society .

Essay by SeamonkeyCollege, UndergraduateB+, November 1996

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In viewing the various aspects of the island society in Golding's Lord of

the Flies as a symbolic microcosm of society, a converse perspective must

also be considered. Golding's island of marooned youngsters then becomes a

macrocosm, wherein the island represents the individual human and the

various characters and symbols the elements of the human psyche. As such,

Golding's world of children's morals and actions then becomes a survey of

the human condition, both individually and collectively.

Almost textbook in their portrayal, the primary characters of Jack, Ralph

and Piggy are then best interpreted as Freud's very concepts of id, ego and

superego, respectively. As the id of the island, Jack's actions are the

most blatantly driven by animalistically rapacious gratification needs. In

discovering the thrill of the hunt, his pleasure drive is emphasized,

purported by Freud to be the basic human need to be gratified. In much the

same way, Golding's portrayal of a hunt as a rape, with the boys ravenously

jumping atop the pig and brutalizing it, alludes to Freud's basis of the

pleasure drive in the libido, the term serving a double Lntendre in its

psychodynamic and physically sensual sense.

Jack's unwillingness to acknowledge the conch as the source of centrality on

the island and Ralph as the seat of power is consistent with the portrayal

of his particular self-importance. Freud also linked the id to what he

called the destructive drive, the aggressiveness of self-ruin. Jack's

antithetical lack of compassion for nature, for others, and ultimately for

himself is thoroughly evidenced in his needless hunting, his role in the

brutal murders of Simon and Piggy, and finally in his burning of the entire

island, even at the cost of his own life.

In much the same way, Piggy's demeanor and very character links him to...