Man, State And War

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Review Man, State and War If the study of international relations has a central focus, this one is the problem of war. Kenneth Waltz, examines the ideas of major thinkers throughout history of western civilization, and explores the works of both classic and political philosophers such as St. Agustine, Hobbes, Kant, and Rousseau, and modern physiologist and anthropologist to discover ideas intended to explain war among states and related perspectives for peace. In his analysis into views of classical political theory on the nature and causes of war, Professor Waltz follows three principal themes or images: war as a consequence of nature behavior of man, as an outcome of their internal organization of states, and as a product of the structure of the international system. Indeed, throughout his final argument, Waltz describes as a final explanation, that the causes of war not depend either on the irrationality of man or the defects of state but on the state system.

However, it is according to Morgenthau that the struggle for power arises simply because men want things(interests), not because there is some evil or oppression of the system for their desires. Thus, the quest for national power to the protection of a state rights inevitably in the question of war.

One of man's fundamental problems is to live in peace with his fellow men. He cannot live alone. Yet, in coexistence with others, conflicts inevitably arise. It is therefore characteristic of individuals, alone or organized in groups to seek power for the satisfaction of their interests. This characteristic leads to an external state of war; men organized themselves to extract the greatest benefit from cooperation and to reduce as much as possible conflict and strife. The social organization of the state is intended to provide adequate means for peaceful adjustment...