Management and Leadership

Essay by stevanicUniversity, Bachelor'sA+, April 2009

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IntroductionBusinesses today thrive on the ability of the leaders and managers within the organization. A company's empowerment of strong leaders and managers can be evident in how successful an organization is. Although management and leadership tend to be synonymous, they are in reality two different concepts.

A person can be a good leader but if he does not know how to manage a company that company will be destined to fail. Also, even though a person might have good management skills, no matter how good he or she is, if he or she cannot lead employees towards the goals of the organization it will end up as a failed attempt at success.

In this paper I will differentiate between management and leadership. I will also examine leader's roles and responsibilities, describe the organizational roles that managers and leaders play using the U.S. Military as an example, and how the functions of management support creating and maintaining a healthy organizational culture.

Organizational CultureBefore I can discuss leadership and management's part in organizational culture, one must first understand what organizational culture is. An organizational culture comprises "the attitudes, comprises the attitudes, experiences, beliefs and values of an organization" (Organizational culture, 2008) and is defined as "the specific collection of values and norms that are shared by people and groups in an organization and that control the way they interact with each other and with stakeholders outside the organization. Organizational values are beliefs and ideas about what kinds of goals members of an organization should pursue and ideas about the appropriate kinds or standards of behavior organizational members should use to achieve these goals. From organizational values develop organizational norms, guidelines or expectations that prescribe appropriate kinds of behavior by employees in particular situations and control the behavior of organizational members...