mon autobiographie

Essay by ismailmerajHigh School, 10th gradeA+, October 2014

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Link Between Type 2 Diabetes and Obesity

Type 2 diabetes happens if your body doesn't make enough insulin or your body doesn't respond to insulin, as it should. Insulin resistance stops your body from transferring glucose from your blood to your cells. Scientists have suggested many theories into how obesity could have extreme changes in the body, which could lead to type 2 diabetes.

Obesity is the state of being overweight. People become overweight by eating excessive amounts or a really unhealthy diet and this is what causes Type 2 diabetes. If your body has the BMI of 25 or above, you are classed as obese and eighty times more likely to develop type 2 diabetes, than those with the BMI of 22.

Theories that many people believe is that the belief that being overweight triggers changes to your metabolism. This makes the fat tissue to release fat molecules into the blood.

Then the fat molecules then get inside the cells to react with the insulin, which is known as insulin responsive cells. The fat molecules can effect and disturb how the cells work and it damages the cell's ability to respond to insulin.

85% of people who have Type 2 diabetes are obese. Many scientists say that the abdo m inal fat causes fat cells to releases 'pro-inflammatory' chemicals, which can make the body less sensitive to the insulin it produces by disrupting the function of insulin responsive cells and their ability to respond to insulin.

This is known as insulin resistance - a major trigger for type 2 diabetes.

Having excess abdominal fat is known as central or abdominal obesity, a particularly high-risk form of obesity.

All theories suggest that the more fatty tissue you have, the more resistant your cells become to insulin. The good news is,