My essay is called Computer Science!! I think this essay will tell you everything about Computer Science.

Essay by Ozen April 2002

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Computer Science

Even before the first computer was conceptualized, data had already been

stored on hard copy medium and used with a machine. As early as 1801, the

punched card was used as a control device for mechanical looms. One and

one-half centuries later, IBM joined punched cards to computers, encoding

binary information as patterns of small rectangular holes. Today, punch

cards are rarely used with computers. Instead, they are used for a handful

of train tickets and election ballots. Although some may find it

surprising, a computer printout is another type of hard copy medium.

Pictures, barcodes, and term papers are modern examples of data storage

that can later be retrieved using optical technology. Although it

consumes physical space and requires proper care, non-acidic paper

printouts can hold information for centuries. If long-term storage is not

of prime concern, magnetic medium can retain tremendous amounts of data

and consume less space than a single piece of paper.

The magnetic technology used for computer data storage is the same

technology used in the various forms of magnetic tape from audiocassette

to videocassette recorders. One of the first computer storage devices was

the magnetic tape drive. Magnetic tape is a sequential data storage

medium. To read data, a tape drive must wind through the spool of tape to

the exact location of the desired information. To write, the tape drive

encodes data sequentially on the tape. Because tape drives cannot randomly

access or write data like disk drives, and are thus much slower, they have

been replaced as the primary storage device with the hard drive. The hard

drive is composed of thin layers of rigid magnetic platters stacked on top

of one another like records in a jukebox, and the heads that read and

write data to the spinning platters...