Necessity of the Atomic Bomb

Essay by skps2792High School, 10th gradeA, September 2009

download word file, 5 pages 0.0

The mid-twentieth century was a time of peril for the world, as a war was taking place-World War II. Even though the Germans surrendered in May of 1945, Japan was not ready to surrender so quickly. In the meantime, America had started to build an atomic bomb, all in complete secrecy, with no other country in the world knowing about it. Around the time of the Potsdam Conference, America issued an ultimatum to Japan, declaring that they surrender; however they responded in the negative. Therefore, the United States was forced to take the tough decision to use their newly created atomic bomb on Japan. The usage of this bomb was necessary because it prevented the loss of more American lives, and set the stage for the Cold War, by creating a temporary nuclear monopoly of the US, while also culminating in the arms race between the Soviet Union and America.

President Harry S. Truman, the president during the end of World War II, had a tough decision to make in deciding whether to invade Japan or bomb it with the country’s new nuclear weapon. President Truman took the advice of his top advisors in making this decision. According to a New York Times article from January 27, 1945, Dr. Compton, a member of the National Defense committee, stated that “the use of the atomic bomb saved hundreds of thousands of –perhaps several millions-of lives, both American and Japanese…without its use the war would have continued for many more months.” The opinion of the people after the dropping of the bomb displays how strong of a conviction the general public had in this idea, as they believed that not invading Japan actually did save America a myriad of lives. However, before this decision was made, this was the main argument used...