Essay by pnarA, May 2006

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1.1 Neutrality

Neutral; not aligned with, supporting, or favoring either side in a war, dispute.

In International Affairs; neutral country takes no side in a war between other parties and in return hopes to avoid being attacked by either of them. A neutralist policy aims at neutrality in case of an armed conflict that could involve the party in question.

Neutrality can be seen as a European phenomenon, it has always been a social fact in Europe. It has been established in two ways; first with the political declarations and legal arrangements by some governments for staying out of the military alliances while in terms of the neutrality in wartime putting pressure on the States and pushing them in international efforts.

1.1.2 Neutrality in Conflicts

The concept of neutrality in conflicts is the willful stopping the military alliances in order to protect neutrality in case of war, and with the hope of stopping the war all together.

It must be distinguished from that of non-alignment As an example: Afghanistan; Shir Ali Khan (Emir of Afghanistan 1863 to 1866) during the his rule, he was slowed down by pressure from both Britain and Russia because of their conflict however Shir Ali attempted to keep Afghanistan neutral, and the country was neutral in this case till 1878.

1.1.3 Neutrality in War

The concept of neutrality in war is closely defined and puts specific limitation on the neutral party in return for the internationally recognized right to stay neutral.As an example: many countries made such declarations during World War II. Most became, however, unavailable, and in the end only Ireland, San Marino, Sweden and Switzerland remained neutral of the European countries closest to the war.

1.2 Historical examples of Neutral States

The ability of the countries that follow such a strategy to...