New kingdom egypt

Essay by combinedHigh School, 12th gradeA, August 2004

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Assess the role and importance of Amenhotep 1 as a Pharaoh.

It could be argued that Amenhotep 1 to a large extent played a fundamental role as pharaoh in Egypt between 1551-1542 B.C. However it could also be argued that other Pharaohs such as Ahmose I also had a crucial role in Egypt as he defeated the Hyksos in the wars. Amenhotep 1 performed successful military campaigns against Libya and Nubia, extending the territory of Egypt.

Amenhotep supported the creation of an Egyptian Empire, from the time he reached the throne, Amenhotep I undertook military campaigns in Libya and in Nubia using boats on the Nile to transport his army, and extended the boundaries of his empire by establishing a vice-royalty in Nubia. Amenhotep I led an army to the Western border and defeated the Libyans and their allies (Amenhotep I did face another threat from Libya, this time against the Amukekhak (a race of Libyans) who were part of the Tahenu).

It is evident from inscriptions provided by Ahmose son of Ebana, that the next step by Amenhotep 1 was a rebellion by Nubia, Amenhotep I this time led an army to the southern border and very quickly restored order (this was a very short campaign - a requirement only to stamp any opposition to Egypt's rule). It is evident from inscriptions provided by Ahmose son of Ebana, with verification from Ahmose-Pen-Nekhbet, that Amenhotep I also led a military expedition into Kush (Nubia).

From both ancient and modern sources one can safely say that, Amenhotep I repaired and restored many ancient temples along the Nile. We find evidence of his work in Upper Egyptian sites such as Elephantine, Kom Ombo, Abydos and the temple of Nekhbet, but he seems to have done little building work in Lower Egypt. Amenhotep...