Nigeria - why is it under-developed and what can be done to improve its situation?

Essay by MandyTheFreakHigh School, 10th grade December 2003

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Nigeria - why is it under-developed and what can be done to improve its situation?


Nigeria is a country in West Africa, next to Niger, Chad, Benin, Cameroon and the Atlantic Ocean. Nigeria has a size that is about four times as big as the size of the United Kingdom, and has a population of more than 100 million people. The environment in Nigeria differs a great deal in the different parts of the country. The coastline consists of sand dunes and, around the delta of the River Niger, swamplands. It rains quite much in the coastal area and it used to be totally covered with rainforests, though now much of it has been cleared up. The inland has a higher landscape with many hills and in the east, along the boarder, there is a mountain range. Then there is the dry savanna in the north, which is obviously very different from the rainforests in the south.

Even further north there is the Sahara desert that continues into Niger and Chad. The capital city is located in the middle of the country and is called Abuja.

Nigeria is an under-developed country and it has three main issues that stop it from developing: poverty, overpopulation and insufficient health care.


A big problem in Nigeria is poverty. The GNP per capita is about $280, which is very little compared to the $20,000 that most countries in Western Europe have. This stops Nigeria from developing; without money they cannot take fully advantage of their natural resources because the technology they need to do that is too expensive.

To get rid of the poverty Nigeria has to become self-sufficient. They should import as little products as possible, but export as many as possible. That would give them a surplus. About 80...