Occupational Trends

Essay by ksenia2005 July 2009

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An important part of being effective at work involves knowledge of the forces at work in today's workplace.

There are a number of occupational and societal trends that you should understand to maximize your effectiveness at work. These trends involve changes in the work you do, how you do it, and where you do it.

Change in the WorkplaceIf there is one thing you can count on in the workplace, it is that change is everywhere. Change in the workplace has occurred in:HOW YOU DO YOUR WORKThe last two decades of the 20th Century ushered in a era of great change in how Americans work. Some of these changes were brought about by changing technology, however, many were also brought about by demographic changes in the country.

Change in Technology: Computers and The Age of Information•Computers have changed how most jobs are performed.

•Computers have had such a significant impact that they have driven a shift from a "manufacturing" economy to an "information" economy.

Increasingly, the most common product we are trading in is "information." In fact, the amount of information available to us is doubling every 5 years. The growth in information and in information technology has become such a critical issue that the U. S. Government has created an agency just to handle Information Technology Research and Development.

•The Third Wave: In their book "War and Antiwar," Heidi and Alvin Toffler divided human history into three distinct phases or "Waves". Phase One, which they termed the "Agrarian" phase was called the First Wave; the Second Wave corresponded to the Industrial Revolution; while the present "Age of Information," characterized by the "digitalization" of society, was termed the Third Wave. As we begin the New Millenium, we have truly embraced the Age of Information.

•Effective individuals understand that technology...