The Old Indian Civilization

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The Old Indian CivilizationPlan:1.The "unknown land" of Asia - India.

2.Early Indian Civilization.

3.Key Features of Indian Society.

4.Religion and the Indian way of life.

5.Lack of Political Unity.

6.India's literature represented by Mahabharata and Ramayana.

7.Customs in India - the practice of self-immolation by fire.

8.The role of muslims in India's life.

9.Taj Mahal.

10. Art of India.

The "unknown lands" of Asia and Africa have fascinated Westerners for centuries. The Orient, with her silks and her unique cultures, has attracted travelers since early days. Despite the contacts, between Asia and Africa remained virtually unaffected by Western influences until the twentieth century.

India is a land of great diversity, in its topography (the physical features of a land), climate, and population, it is a study in contrasts. This triangular subcontinent extends from southern Asia into the Indian Ocean, forming a giant Pennsylvania.

It's terrain varies from subtropical rain forest to barren deserts, from low coastal plains to the highest mountain range in the world, the Himalayas. Between the rugged mountain regions in the north and the coastal plains and tropical plateaus of the south lie fertile valleys watered by two great river systems, the Indus and the Ganges. Like the Mesopotamian and Egyptian cultures, the earliest Indian civilization began along riverbanks. The first inhabitants of India settled in river valleys along the Indus and Ganges rivers.

These people must have felt secure from invaders and foreign influences. They were protected by tall mountain ranges in the north and by seas on the east and west. But despite these natural barriers, India did not remain an isolated land.

Throughout her history, merchants, foreign invaders and Wandering tribes crossed the mountains along India's northwestern border and settled in the fertile river valleys.