"One Hundred Years of Solitude" by Gabriel García Márquez.

Essay by esromnebHigh School, 12th gradeA, November 2003

download word file, 5 pages 3.4

Gabriel García Márquez's masterpiece, One Hundred Years of Solitude, is sad story of the loves, tragedies, and everyday lives of the Buendía family. Throughout the generations, there are many themes, character types, and events that are always present and repeating. It is their fate to be stuck in a never-ending cycle.

José Arcadio Buendía represents Adam in a biblical sense in "One Hundred Years of Solitude". He is the founder and leader of Macondo, and during his life he never stops striving for knowledge. Some time after founding Macondo, a mythical yet intensely real town, José Arcadio Buendía discovers the wonders of science. The Gypsies that frequent the town every few years first introduce José Arcadio Buendía to the idea of magic and new wonders of the world, and they even give him a lab to mess around in. José Arcadio Buendía eventually abandons the magical effects of the Gypsies for true scientific study.

One day in his lab he thinks he has discovered perpetual motion. Because perpetual motion is imposible to achieve, he goes crazy. He is convinced the same day is repeating itself over and over again. In a sense, his discovery made the world timeless for him. Time begins to change and the past, present, and future start to overlap. He is able to visit his descendants throughout out the book even after he is dead. With this repetition Márquez is hinting that the real world never moves forward or backwards, but is generally all the same. This sense that time is repeating sets up the rest of the family to just repeat the same story over and over.

Colonel Aureliano Buendía is the military figure head of the Buendía family. He inherited his will and reclusiveness from his father José Arcadio Buendía. He leads the liberal...