organization structure

Essay by irfuqB, November 2014

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and Design


Lecture Outline


Defining Organizational Structure

Work Specialization


Chain of Command

Span of Control

Centralization and Decentralization


Organizational Design Decisions

Mechanistic and Organic Organizations

Contingency Factors

Strategy and Structure

Size and Structure

Technology and Structure

Environmental Uncertainty and Structure

Common Organizational Designs

Traditional Organizational Designs

Simple Structure

Functional Structure

Divisional Structure

Contemporary Organizational Designs

Team Structures

Matrix and Project Structures

The Boundaryless Organization

Today's Organizational Design Challenges

Keeping Employees Connected

Building a Learning Organization

Managing Global Structural Issues

How can we design an organizational structure that will help us accomplish our company's goals? Should our structure be tall or flat? Traditional or contemporary? Will our chosen design enhance our capacity to continuously learn, adapt, and change in a dynamic global environment? As tomorrow's managers, many of your students will soon face these questions. In Chapter Ten, students learn about various elements of organizational structure, the contingency factors that influence organizational design, and traditional and contemporary design. In addition, they will study design challenges encountered by managers who work in a variety of organizational structures.

"A Manager's Dilemma" tells of Penny Baker's predicament as CEO and founder of National BankCard Systems. In the early years of his company, Penny was successful in using a management style and structure that encouraged friendliness between his employees and management, including frequent socializing outside of the workplace. As BankCard Systems prospered and the number of employees increased, some workers became too complacent in the less-than-formal atmosphere at work. Penny had to fire two employees and realized that changes must be made in his management style. Students are asked to put themselves in Penny's shoes. How should this CEO restructure his company to promote an atmosphere in which employees have fun but...