Organizational trends MGT/331

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Decision making defined

According to (Wikipedia encyclopedia, Decision making section, pa.1) decision making is defined as a cognitive process of selecting a course of action from several alternatives. Every decision results in a final choice. It also can be an action or an opinion. Decision making is a reasoning process that can be rational or irrational, moral or immoral depending on the individual's beliefs. Ethical principles of decision making vary.

There are several ways ethics influences decision making. When an individual is faced with a decision to make he or she has to ask themselves several questions first. Questions an individual needs to ask him or herself before making a decision are have they totally assessed the problem? Does the individual have all the necessary information? Can the decision be misunderstood? Has the individual looked at every alternative by asking him or herself if it is legal, fair, and moral? An individual might ask his or herself before making a decision is how important the decision is to themselves?

Five principles in ethics and decision making

According to (Doctor Arschams, Ethic and Decision making section, pa.1)

Trying to decide a common moral code is not easy as history of theology has taught numerous times. An individual is provided tools to provide information to use while making a decision but it does not give an individual the decision itself. This is true whether ethics is included or not when making a decision. Ethics is a set of rules that effects our behavior in situations and sets some standard of conduct. There are five principles in common ethics, Autonomy, non-malfeasance, beneficence, justice, and fidelity. Autonomy deals with exploitation of others and impact of their freedom. Non-malfeasance is will it be creating harm of others? Beneficense deals with can this create good? Can...