Outline the main features of Trotsky's public life period 1917 to 1940

Essay by choustaHigh School, 12th gradeA, February 2007

download word file, 6 pages 4.2

Downloaded 22 times

Leon Davidovich Trotsky, a member of the Bolshevik party in August 1917 turned out to become one of the most important members of the party playing many vitals roles. He was "one of the most brilliant members of the party" during the first 10 years. Through his brilliant organisational skills, very clearly evident in the October Revolution, he became the People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs. Trotsky led the Bolshevik military revolutionary committee during the Bolshevik cop of October 1917. Trotsky was responsible for the victories of the Red Army during the Civil War, and after that he was an important spokesman for the left wing party regarding the modernisation debates. Trotsky's public life began to decline with the death of Lenin, where he was removed from all areas of power and sent away from the country. His influence was limited however; he still used his mighty pen to fight.

Trotsky was instrumental in transforming and moulding the Soviets. In September Trotsky became the chairman of the Petrograd Soviets and he began to direct the transformation of the Soviet into an adjunct of the party, bypassing the Menshevik-SR Ispolkom and non-Bolshevik soviets to form a new Bolshevik control structure. The Bolsheviks used their power in the Petrograd Soviet to set-up a 2nd All-Russian Congress of Soviets on October 20 (agreed September 26), despite only eight of 169 soldiers' or workers' soviets expressing support. With elections to the Constituent Assembly looming the Bolsheviks had to use their power quickly to discredit the elections. The Ispolkom denounced the Congress and the steps the Bolsheviks were taking to create its delegates. Suddenly and without reason, on October 17, the Ispolkom Bureau approved the Congress.

The Second Congress of Soviets opened that evening in the Assembly Hall in Smolnyi, on October the 26th. The...