Plantation Complexes

Essay by dickeUniversity, Bachelor'sB-, April 2004

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As the populations slowly migrated westward so too did the plantation complexes of Europe. However with new environments comes new policy and European settlers in the Americas soon remodelled the agricultural institutions they had brought from home. Plantation complexes in the New World tropics were developed that had a unique economic and political order that centred on slave work. There were many other distinguished differences on the tropical American plantation complexes that set them apart from other societies and are characterized as follows:

Firstly, the majority of labour was forced labour, as most of the workers were African slaves. In contrast the plantations from other places in which the plantations moved to such as Hawaii and Fiji, the work was done by contractors from China and India.

A second aspect was that the complexes found in tropical America were not developed to be self-sustaining. Both the workers and the supervision staff could not cope with the new illnesses and disease of the introduction to new lands and peoples.

They were unable to increase their size of populations internally, which called for the need of a consistent flow of new foreign bodies to help level the birth to death ratio so that growth could continue.

The third difference that can be witnessed has to do with control. First of all agricultural enterprise was organized in large-scale capitalist plantations. Basically these plantations were far larger then in other societies and were carefully managed by a hierarchy of individuals who gave the orders by the day/hour an aspect much different then those in Europe and abroad. However even though these tropical American plantation complexes were capitalist there were aspects that could be feudal such as the fact that even when his slaves weren't actually physically working for their master, he still...