The Political History of Vietnam

Essay by hgardnerHigh School, 12th gradeA, November 2014

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Examine the past, present and future trends for ONE aspect of Vietnamese society

The Legal System and Political Processes

A nation marked by war and poverty, Vietnam has overcome political and economic turmoil in its struggle for independence. It's legal system and government, based on the concept of socialism and the French Civil System, is moving towards a democratic society, in which the citizens are able to freely speak their mind, a right that was not found under the direction of the Communist Party, a single-handed government policy that had a large presence in Vietnamese society post World War 2.

Vietnamese society of the mid-late 20th century shows a large influence from the French, who occupied Vietnam prior to World War 2, and post World War 2, with a main basis of the Vietnamese government situating from the French Civil System, however the battle of Dien Bien Phu in 1954, exiled France from Vietnam and formed a sense of independence in the nation.

Conflict between the South and North sectors of Vietnam arose however when revolutionary leader Ho Chi Minh declared a communist nation for Vietnam, ultimately resulting in a split of the two sectors into North Vietnam, who upheld the communist values of super countries Soviet Russia and China, whereas South Vietnam required heavy assistance from USA. This conflict acted as a predecessor for the Vietnam War, fuelled by the opposing nature of the two governments. Living conditions were very poor for both nations, despite both holding opposing political ideas and campaigns, and this added to levels of stress and economic worry for citizens of the working class sector of Vietnam, resulting in Vietnam becoming one of the poorest nations in the world in the mid 20th century. Communism, a political theory stating that there is no private business...