Probation uses and functions in american society.

Essay by boozeybenUniversity, Bachelor'sA+, March 2005

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Probation Corrections

"Probation is an alternative to incarceration," is a quote used by all probation agencies across the country. The quote basically means what it says; the alternative to being on probation is to be in jail. Although, Probation agencies give offenders the opportunity to rectify their crimes without incarceration they also have strict guidelines to what the offenders can, can not do.

One way the agencies have set up guidelines to limit further criminal activity by the probationers is through monthly or even weekly drug and toxic screens depending on the individuals offense. The probation officers will test for drugs to keep track of the probationers' progress as a law biding citizen. These tests are in most cases called the 5-way drug screen which screen for: marijuana, cocaine, opiates, methamphetamines and P.C.P. In severe cases the offender will have to take what is called the 10-panel drug screen which tests for all illegal drugs and over the counter prescriptions.

(EVVAX) In either case this is a highly effective way to keep the offenders from getting mixed up with illegal activity while they are on the program. If the probationer were to fail a drug test they would be subject to dismissal from the program and or added time to their previous sentence.

Along with the drug screening the offenders are required to have regularly scheduled visits with the probation officer. The visits are meant to keep the officer informed of the probationer's progress in the community. During these visits the officer asks questions about their whereabouts previous to their last visit. They are also asked if they have committed any crimes or been involved in any unlawful activity. The response to these answers would be based solely on trust.

Another guideline the offender must follow is to have a...