The Problems of Good & Evil

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The logical problem of evil is one of the oldest arguments against the existence of God. There is a logical contradiction in believing in God AND believing that there is evil in this world. Theists believe that God is perfect, and has three traits: omnipotence, omniscience, and omni benevolence. An omnipotent God is one who is "all powerful". People often infer from this that God can do anything. However, there are things that God cannot do. Specifically, he can not do things that are irrational. For example, God could not create a square circle. There is no way that an object can be both a circle and a square. It is impossible for an object to hold the properties of both a circle and a square at the same time. Lewis says that irrationality is not a limitation of power. God can do anything that is logically feasible. So, if God is all powerful, why doesn't he get rid of the possibility of evil? Lewis says that if God eliminated the possibility of evil in this world, he would, at the same time, render it impossible to accomplish other goals that are important to him.

When considering these arguments, you must also take into consideration human free will. God allowed people on this earth to think for themselves and make their own decisions. In doing so, people are allowed to choose evil. Theists claim that the reason for free will is that if people freely choose to love God, then they will truly love him. If a person is forced to believe in or love God, they will not truly love him, but just do so because they have to.

The second trait, omniscience, means "all knowing". An omniscient God knows the past, present, and future. The argument against an...