A Proper Root Canal

Essay by Patty PolstonCollege, UndergraduateA+, April 2005

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God gave us teeth for three reasons: to macerate food, to speak with, and to benefit facial structure. When we care for our teeth with regular dental cleanings and check ups, we can prevent the decay and loss of our teeth. If a tooth begins to decay and we don't stop the decay before it penetrates the root of the tooth, it will need a root canal to save it. A root canal, if done properly, is a process of three separate stages. First the tooth is drilled and the nerve is removed from the root and filled with gutta

percha point. Then a titanium post is inserted into one of the canals. Lastly a porcelain crown is made for the tooth.

To begin a root canal the first thing to be done is an x-ray. Next the root is measured to insure an accurate removal of the nerve. Then the patient is medicated so he or she will not feel the removal of the root.

After the patient becomes numb, the doctor will use a high-speed drill with a number three burr (drill bit) to remove the enamel and the dentin that covers the canal. Once the canal is exposed the dentist will use endodonic files, to remove the nerve from the canal. After the nerve is removed the canal is flushed with bleach and hydrogen peroxide. The gutta percha point is measured and inserted into the canal. Finally the canal is medicated with Methocresalate and sealed with a temporary filling called (I.R.M.) Intermediate Restoration Material.

When the patient returns, if there has been any discomfort at all, the gutta percha point will be removed and the canal will be refiled. If the patient is pain free the process will go on to the second step. A titanium rod...